What is a Semantic Web?
A Semantic web, an extension of the existing World Wide Web, is a more advanced form electronic data management system envisioned by several web pioneers of the world. The concept of a Semantic Web revolves around the basic parameter of electronic data transfer on the web interface of human readability. This phenomenon, which is yet to be implemented, finds its root under W3 technology. Tim Berners-Lee, the man behind worldwide web, is also the man behind the idea of Semantic Web. It’s his vision which has actually made the possibility of “A machine talking to another machine”. He, with the collaborative efforts of a number of other internet scientists, brought this initiative into operation in the year 1999. Since then the there has been a plethora of research and hard work to make its functionality a success.
Semantic Web – Concept
The current web technology is purely based on simple HTML documentation, the most commonly followed markup language. But, the Semantic web envisions a technology in which a computer can understand all the information like a human. We are dependent very much on computers for processing our day to day tasks. However, our computers depend on us for the instructions to accomplish those tasks. This is where a web technology comes into picture in which computer will not have to wait for our instructions to carry the tasks; it will perform all the actions on the data interface by understanding the information itself.
The concept, in the words of Tim Berners-Lee, envisages a point where web, information and machine intersect. He states “I have a dream for the Web [in which computers] become capable of analyzing all the data on the Web – the content, links, and transactions between people and computers. A ‘Semantic Web’, which should make this possible, has yet to emerge, but when it does, the day-to-day mechanisms of trade, bureaucracy and our daily lives will be handled by machines talking to machines. The ‘intelligent agents’ people have touted for ages will finally materialize. People keep asking what Web 3.0 is. I think maybe when you’ve got an overlay of scalable vector graphics – everything rippling and folding and looking misty – on Web 2.0 and access to a semantic Web integrated across a huge space of data, you’ll have access to an unbelievable data resource.”
Welcome Semantic Web
We, human beings (not machines), have always been under constant scrutiny of some development or the other. In the course of that development we always try to set a trend based on innovation and various scientific results. Semantic web is one such virtual reality which makes data sharing & publishing executable on the internet solely by machine and, web world is confident of implementing it.