Sometimes another form of language and imagery is required in order to communicate vast ideas for common consumption. This is one of such instances where an array of algorithmic functions will be given a conceptual vehicle to map their role in the creation of a top 10 ranking.
Since the concept of the universe is a great model, we will borrow concepts originating from planetary forces ranging to universal phenomenon like gravity, orbit, the concept of the internet being a giant nebula of computers sharing virtual space and employ data retrieval, etc. Bear in mind, this is only an interpretation.
If you can visualize your website as a dot and each keyword as its own orbiting sphere of influence, you have to create a series of eventful transactions (like creating content over time, building links, having a supportive format for internal linking) that classify and elevate your website as a candidate for relevance within the center of the sphere of influence for that keyword.
By viewing each keyword as a cumulative objective, like peeling away the layers of an onion, once you reach the center, your site radiates a beacon in all directions whenever a broad match or more general search is conducted with those keywords as search queries.